Topics

Study Program & Facilitating Working Group:
“Digitalization and the Energy Transition”

Duration: November 2018 – July 2020

Digitalization in the energy system is progressing rapidly with the spread of artificial intelligence (AI), such as software tools to optimize demand and weather forecasts, and internet of things (IoT) technologies, including smart meters and secure data communication systems such as blockchain. As a result of the development, virtual power plants (VPP) are being put into practice in some countries, and a peer to peer (P2P) energy trading utilising blockchain technology is being started to demonstrate.

Study Results

Study II (2020): Peer-to-Peer (P2P) electricity trading and
Power Purchasing Agreements (PPAs)

Cover_Digitalization 2

Key Questions:

  • What are purposes and objectives of P2P trading and PPAs proposed or already tested
    today?
  • Which models of P2P trading and PPAs are possible or do already exist and what are the experiences of Germany and Japan with those models?
  • What models make sense for Germany and Japan and which policies and regulations are needed for a successful introduction or further development?

Authors:
Yasushi Ninomiya, Akiko Sasakawa (both Institute of Energy Economics Japan)
Dr. Stefan Thomas, Judith Schröder (both Wuppertal Institute)

Study I (2019): Digitalization and the Energy Transition:
Virtual Power Plants and Blockchain

Cover_Digitalization 1Key Questions:

  • Virtual Power Plants (VPP) and their possibilities for improving balance between supply
    and demand through both wholesale markets (day-ahead, intraday) and ancillary services
    markets
  • Blockchain technologies and their use in the energy sector

Authors:
Yasushi Ninomiya (Institute of Energy Economics Japan),
Dr. Stefan Thomas, Judith Schröder (both Wuppertal Institute)

Members of the Working Group

Yasumasa Fujii
Harry Lehmann
Yasushi Ninomiya
Stefan Thomas